NURS 8400/NURS 8400C:Week 2: Defining a Problem and a Population Essay Assignment Paper

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NURS 8400/NURS 8400C:Week 2: Defining a Problem and a Population Essay Assignment Paper

NURS 8400/NURS 8400A/NURS 8400F/NURS 8400M/NURS 8400S/NURS 8400W/NURS 8400C: Design and Evaluation of Programs and Projects | Week 2

“A problem that is inadequately defined is not likely to be solved” (Kettner, Moroney, & Martin, 2008, p. 42).

Continuing on to reframe this statement, the authors of Designing and Managing Programs observe that a well-delineated problem can be a cornerstone for a successful program. Indeed, as noted last week, sound program planning and evaluation begins with analysis of the problem so that all aspects of the program can be aligned to yield the kind of information that will indicate whether the program has been effective at addressing the problem as intended.

This week you consider a health-promotion and disease-prevention issue of national significance, and then hone in on a problem and a target population to focus your program design efforts in this course. You review existing literature, which may be beneficial for identifying and/or learning about your problem and target population. This is the starting point for Assignment 1, the first of four Assignments in this course that ask you to develop a program and related evaluation plan.

In addition, you are encouraged to brainstorm with your colleagues in this week’s Discussion. This collegial collaboration can be a tremendous asset as you continue to work and engage in your Practicum Experience.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Evaluate the impact of a specific health care-related problem on a population
  • Analyze current research literature pertaining to a health care-related problem

Learning Resources

Required Readings

Hodges, B. C., & Videto, D. M. (2011). Assessment and planning in health programs (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

  • Chapter 2, “Paint a Picture of Your Target Population: Assessing Assets and Problems”This chapter presents valuable information for identifying your target population during program planning. Note: Some of the information in this chapter extends into needs assessment, which will be addressed in Week 4.

Kettner, P. M., Moroney, R. M., & Martin, L. L. (2017). Designing and managing programs: An effectiveness-based approach (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  • Review Chapter 1, “Contemporary Issues in Social Services Program Planning and Administration”
  • Review Chapter 3, “Understanding Social Problems”Review these chapters as needed to help you identify a health care-related problem for program planning and evaluation. For instance, you may find the problem analysis information on page 13 and pages 38–39 beneficial.

Adams, J. & Kaplow, R. (2013). A sitter reduction program in an acute health care system. Nursing Economics$, 31(2), 83–89.

Pinto, B.M., Waldemore, M., & Rosen, R. (2015). A community-based partnership to promote exercise among cancer survivors: Lessons learned. International Journal Behavioral Medicine, 22, 328–335 doi 10.1007/s12529-014-9395-5

Tompa, E., deBoer, H., Macdonald, S., Alarngir, H., Koehoorn, M., & Guzman, J. (2016). Stakeholders’ perspectives about and priorities for economic evaluation of health and safety programs in healthcare. Workplace Health and Safety, 64(4), 163–174 DOI: 10.1177/2165079915620201.

Leading Health Indicators. (n.d.). Retrieved March 22, 2017, from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/Leading-Health-Indicators

National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators. (n.d.). Retrieved March 22, 2017, from http://www.pressganey.com/solutions/clinical-quality/nursing-quality

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Healthy People 2020. (n.d.). Retrieved March 22, 2017, from https://www.healthypeople.gov/sites/default/files/HP2020_brochure_with_LHI_508_FNL.pdf

IOM Future of Nursing Report. (n.d.). Retrieved March 22, 2017, from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ThePracticeofProfessionalNursing/workforce/IOM-Future-of-Nursing-Report-1

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2011). Design and evaluation of programs and projects [Video file}. Baltimore, MD: Author.

  • “Defining a Population Health Problem” (featuring Dr. Melissa Willmarth, Dr. Debora Dole, and Dr. Donna Shambley-Ebron)You may view this course video by clicking the link or on the course DVD, which contains the same content. Once you’ve opened the link, click on the appropriate media piece.

    In these videos, Dr. Melissa Willmarth, Dr. Debora Dole, and Dr. Donna Shambley-Ebron provide insights related to defining health care-related problems.

Optional Resources

Algera, M., Francke, A. L., Kerkstra, A., & Van der Zee, J. (2004). Integrative literature reviews and meta-analyses: Home care needs of patients with long-term conditions: Literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 46(4), 417–429.

 

This article compares literature in the field to determine a profile for people with long-term health care conditions who utilize home care services.

Madden, S. G., Loeb, S. J., & Smith, C. A. (2008). An integrative literature review of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type II diabetes mellitus. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(17), 2243–2256.

 

This article is an example of an integrative literature review that identifies aspects of nursing programs aimed at prevention of type II diabetes, effectiveness of such programs, and compliance with lifestyle changes after such programs.

 

NURS 8400/NURS 8400C:Week 2: Defining a Problem and a Population Essay Assignment Paper

 

Take a few minutes to think about the most pressing health-promotion and disease-prevention issues, such as those identified in “Healthy People 2020” and the Institute of Medicine’s Future of Nursing. Which one most calls your attention? Maternal, infant, and child health? Health communication and health information technology? Immunization and infectious diseases?

This course provides a venue for addressing issues such as one of these through the design of a program and associated evaluation. In order to design an effective program though, it is critical to narrow the focus from one of these larger issues to a specific problem and a target population.

This Discussion provides a forum through which you and your colleagues may support each other in first selecting a health-promotion and disease-prevention issue of national significance, and then identifying a problem and a target population to guide your program planning and evaluation efforts in this course.

To prepare:

  • Examine the topics presented in “Healthy People 2020” and the Institute of Medicine’s Future of Nursing. Select a health-promotion and disease-prevention issue of national significance that has particular resonance or appeal for you.
  • Review literature related to the issue you have selected and, specifically, the problem and target population you may choose to focus on as you move forward with program planning.
  • Review this week’s course text readings. What questions or concerns, if any, do you have about how to identify a problem and a target population for program planning and evaluation?

Note: For Assignment 1, you need to identify a health care–related problem and a target population to guide program planning as you move forward in the course. If you have not already done so, read the instructions for Assignment 1 (provided this week) as your work on this Discussion to guide your development of that assignment.

By Day 3

Post a cohesive scholarly response that addresses the following:

  • Share the national health-promotion and disease-prevention issue you have selected. Describe the problem and target population you will most likely choose for Assignment 1, as you have considered it thus far.
  • Provide your evaluation of the impact of the problem on population health using citations from existing literature.
  • Pose any questions or concerns you have related to your problem and target population, your literature review, and/or other issues related to designing and evaluating programs. Ask your colleagues for support in addressing these questions or concerns.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.

By Day 6

Respond to two of your colleagues in one or more of the following ways:

  • Ask a probing question, substantiated with additional background information, evidence, or research.
  • Share an insight from having read your colleagues’ postings, synthesizing the information to provide new perspectives.
  • Offer and support an alternative perspective, using readings from the classroom or from your own research in the Walden Library.
  • Validate an idea with your own experience and additional research.
  • Make a suggestion based on additional evidence drawn from readings or after synthesizing multiple postings.
  • Expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives based on readings and evidence.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you learned and/or any insights you gained as a result of the comments made by your colleagues.

Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and any additional sources.

 

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